In No Medium, Craig Dworkin appears to be like at works which are clean, erased, transparent, or silent, writing seriously and substantively approximately works for which there would appear to be not just not anything to work out yet not anything to claim. tested heavily, those ostensibly contentless artistic endeavors, literature, and song element to a brand new knowing of media and the bounds of the creative item. Dworkin considers works predicated on clean sheets of paper, from a fictional selection of poems in Jean Cocteau's Orphée to the particular ebook of a ream of typing paper as a ebook of poetry; he compares Robert Rauschenberg's Erased De Kooning Drawing to the artist Nick Thurston's erased replica of Maurice Blanchot's The area of Literature (in which in simple terms Thurston's marginalia have been visible); and he scrutinizes the sexual politics of photographic illustration and the results of obscured or obliterated matters of images. Reexamining the well-known case of John Cage's 4'33", Dworkin hyperlinks Cage's composition to Rauschenberg's White Paintings, Ken Friedman's Zen for Record (and Nam June Paik's Zen for Film), and different works, delivering additionally a "guide to additional listening" that surveys greater than a hundred ratings and recordings of "silent" tune. Dworkin argues that we must always comprehend media no longer as clean, base issues yet as social occasions, and that there's no medium, understood in isolation, yet in simple terms and constantly a plurality of media: interpretive actions occurring in socially inscribed space.
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M. L. Pattatucci, “A Linkage among DNA Markers at the X Chromosome and Male Sexual Orientation,” technology 261 : 327). fifty nine. Rosmarie Waldrop, garden of the Excluded heart (Providence: smooth Buttons, 1993); The replica of Profiles (New York: New instructions, 1987). 60. Martenson, Xq281, thirteen. Xq281 is expected by means of Martenson’s past poems comparable to “Gene Expression” (How2 1, no. 2 [September 1999]: n. p. ), that could function a proem of varieties to Xq281, and “Cast” (How2 1, no. 2 [September 1999]: n. p. ), which has the visible kind of a glossed textual content reminiscent of S. T. Coleridge’s Rime of the traditional Mariner or Lyn Hejinian’s Gesualdo (Berkeley: Tuumba, 1978). sixty one. Martenson, Xq281, sixteen. sixty two. Ibid. , 5–6. See, for one more elaboration of the problem, S. Hu et al. , “Linkage among Sexual Orientation and Chromosome Xq28 in men yet no longer in Females,” traditional Genetics eleven (1995): 248–256. sixty three. Denise Bazzett, untitled assessment of Xq281, in New Pages stories (http://www. newpages. com). sixty four. Benstock makes this declare extra strongly while she asserts that the discourse of the footnote is “inherently marginal” (“At the Margins of Discourse,” 204). sixty five. Derrida, “This isn't really an Oral Footnote,” 193. sixty six. Cosgrove, “Undermining the Text,” 139. Or as Grafton places it, in rhyming sestets, the footnote has the facility to “buttress and undermine, at one and a similar time” (The Footnote, 32). sixty seven. Quoted in Labbe, “‘Transplanted into extra Congenial Soil,’” seventy nine. sixty eight. The metaphoric organization of the “body” of the textual content may also effect our knowing of the notes opposed to which it truly is outlined; “marginal notes,” in keeping with Valéry’s Cartesian schema, “are a part of the notes of natural inspiration” (Lipking, “The Marginal Gloss,” 610). sixty nine. Martenson, Xq281, thirteen, eight. 70. Gérard Wajcman, L’Interdit: roman (Paris: Denoël, 1986). seventy one. The phraseology is Wajcman’s: “silence inexplicable” and “acte silencieux” (L’Interdit, 23). seventy two. Wajcman, L’Interdit, 114. seventy three. Ibid. , 37–38, one hundred seventy. seventy four. Ibid. , sixty seven, 204. seventy five. Ibid. , 37, 234. seventy six. Ibid. , 225. seventy seven. Ibid. , 50. seventy eight. Ibid. , ninety seven. seventy nine. Ibid. , 36–37; cf. 122, fifty two. The word is a quote from Paul Claudel’s Le philosophie du livre, which itself echoes Freud’s description of psychic disturbances: “One method [to unravel such disturbances] will be for the offending passages to be thickly crossed via in order that they have been illegible…best of all, the total passage will be erased. ” (Sigmund Freud, “Notiz über den ‘Wunderblock,’” Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychoanalyse eleven, no. 1 : 1–5; trans. James Strachey as “A be aware upon the ‘Mystic Writing Pad,’” overseas magazine of Psycho-Analysis 21, no. four : 469–474; rpt. within the average variation of the entire Works of Sigmund Freud, vol. 19 [London: Hogarth Press, 1959], 236. ) eighty. Wajcman, L’Interdit, a hundred and forty. eighty one. Ibid. , 188. eighty two. Hugh Kenner, Flaubert, Joyce and Beckett: The Stoic Comedians (London: W. H. Allen, 1964), forty. In Genette’s typology, the essence of the word is its constantly neighborhood personality; not like a preface, for example, notes seek advice from just a partial element of a textual content. furthermore, there's a social model of this good judgment of university: notes are typically addressed to a extra particular viewers and to expect in simple terms yes readers (Genette, Seuils, 319).